Liposuction or "lipo" is a commonly performed cosmetic procedure made to remove fat in the body that's resistance against eating and working out. A number of liposuction techniques, such as tumescent, super wet, ultrasound, laser and power-assisted techniques, are used by plastic surgeons to loosen extra fat before it is removed through the procedure. Liposuction recovery, however, is actually exactly the same regardless of whether laser lipo, ultrasonic liposuction or some other variation was performed.
Liposuction can be executed under general anesthesia (asleep) or local anesthesia (awake), which affects the recovery period immediately following surgery. General anesthesia is usually only recommended for patients who're undergoing extensive liposuction or are combining other procedures with liposuction, like a abdominoplasty or breast enhancement. When liposuction alone is performed, local anesthesia is usually used instead of general anesthesia.
Patients dealing with liposuction performed under local anesthesia typically don't experience the groggy results associated with general anesthesia. However, lots of the pain medications and sedatives prescribed to patients to be used during and after liposuction do cause nausea, dizziness, and light-headedness, so patients should not drive after undergoing liposuction whatever the kind of anesthesia used.
The initial events of liposuction recovery can be messy, since anesthetic as well as other fluids leak in the port sites, or small holes left through the device that physically removes fat deposits during liposuction (called a "cannula"). To stop stains on clothing or bedding, many physicians recommend wearing absorbent pads before the drainage has subsided.
Swelling and bruising are generally present just after liposuction and could take many weeks to solve. Although bruising typically resolves inside a couple of weeks, some swelling may linger for four to six months or more. Because of this, final liposuction results cannot be judged until four or five to six months after surgery. Numbness and hardness from the treated area takes 90 days, however, prolonged, localized firmness and swelling might point to formation of the seroma, or fluid pocket, that should be drained with a doctor.
Although complete liposuction recovery takes approximately six months, barring infection or any other complications, most people report going back to work and resuming light activity about seven days after liposuction. Monthly into liposuction recovery, sports or vigorous activities typically may be resumed.
To optimize healing through the liposuction recovery period and make sure the best possible result's achieved, there are some tips your surgeon may recommend.
First, wearing a compression garment (much like binding undergarments, for instance a girdle or Spanx) for two to one month after liposuction can help to reduce swelling and help skin contract so it heals evenly, without unwanted folds, lumps or creases. Doctors might also recommend supplements to cut back bruising, for example Arnica Montana and Bromelien, and lymphatic drainage massage or mechanical massage, for example Endermologie, to attenuate bumps and lumps after liposuction.